A boy practices motor control acting out scenes from The Knight and the Dragon. In the motor area, children may slide down a belly board to simulate sledding in The Snowy Day, or work their way up a climbing structure that serves as the control tower in First Flight. Because motor activities are typically integrated into dramatic play, the Motor Area should be located near or incorporated into the Dramatic Play Area.

Gross motor activity helps children's cognitive development by increasing their awareness of body position and different movements and challenging them to use their imaginations to overcome problems.

Motor activity is also extremely important for children's physical development. In order to sit, crawl, stand, walk, or move from one position to another, children need to be stable in space, to bear weight on their joints, to resist the force of gravity, and to know where their bodies are in space. Facilitation of the development of the components of movement can assist children in developing a sense of trust and confidence in their abilities to make their bodies do what they want them to do.